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Ancestors & Descendants of James Francis Helvetius Hobler  (1765-1844)

< Back to the Biography Index | James Francis Helvetius Hobler :: 1765-1844

"In conversation Mr Hobler is highly intellectual and facetious, and the readiness of his repartee has long installed him par excellence the civic wit. In his family and amongst his personal friends he is greatly esteemed and beloved."  The Illustrated London News, 1843


Introduction
::
JFH Hobler was born in Soho, London ENG on 19 July 1765. 
Until the Great Fire of 1666, Soho was primarily composed of fields and a few scattered cottages.  From 1670-1680 Soho underwent a rapid urbanisation in an attempt to alleviate overcrowding in the centre of London.  Settlers, a number of whom were refugees, moved into the area.  These included Greek Christians fleeing Ottoman persecution and French Protestants, or Huguenots, fleeing Louis XIV's brutal reign.  In addition there were Italians, Russians, Poles and Germans.*

A large majority of the settlers were craftsman such as furniture makers, painters, horologists, tailors and silversmiths.  With them came religion, family values, wealth and a prosperous bohemian community.  Living in Soho in the precise year that JFH Hobler was born was child prodigy Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart who resided with his father in nearby Frith Street.  Soho in the late 1600s and early 1700s was a cosmopolitan, aristocratic community; a much sort after lifestyle that by the early 1800s had been extinguished by urban renewal of a different kind.

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J. F. H. Hobler

Painted Portrait, circa 1840
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Baptism :: James Francis Helvetius Hobler was the son of Swiss Immigrant Jean Francois Hobler and Charlotte Elizabeth Claudon.  He was baptised Jaques Francois Helvetien Hobler in the newly established Eglise Helvétique (Swiss Protestant Church) in Castle Street, Leicester Field on 11 August 1765.

 
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Baptism Record
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Christening Mug
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First established in 1762, the Eglise Helvétique was the first point of contact for emigrant Swiss, although strictly speaking the term Swiss is used loosely as most of the congregation originated from Geneva, Vaud and Neuchâtel; locations which were not part of the Swiss Confederation in 1762.*  The French speaking expatriates were unified under the guidance of Justin Vulliamy and the Consistoire, otherwise known as the First Group of Anciens (his father was a founding member of the Consistoire).  Justin Vulliamy, along with fellow members of the Consistoire, stood as a sponsor at the baptismal font during the christening of young Jaques.

The Eglise Helvétique was inaugurated by the Consistoire in 1762.  The Anciens, using their own personal funds, rented a large room in Castle Street, Leicester Fields.  This became the community hub for the Anglican-Swiss.  In 1775 the Anciens began an appeal to raise additional funds.  The congregation had outgrown Castle Street and following a number of donations and financial aid from Geneva and Berne, the first purpose-built Helvetic Chapel was established near Moor Street in Soho, where it remained active for a further eighty years.*  In 1885 the church relocated once more to Endell Street.

James Francis Helvetius Hobler was legally known as Francis Hobler.  It is interesting to note that use of the nomen or second name was a practice adopted by the ancient Romans. The praenomina or first name which was common to many in the same line was rarely used. The nomen on the other hand was considered the unique signature of the individual.


Education :: Little is known about JFH Hobler's early life.  Given his family's financial status, it fairly safe to assume that he either attended a prominent school or was privately tutored.  Fluent in English, French, Spanish, German and ancient Latin, JFH Hobler was a qualified legal counsellor who articulated at an early age.


Employment :: On leaving school JFH Hobler was assigned to the counting-houses of Messers Blanche (Sugar Brokers) Mincing Lane, London. From 1788 to 1803, he served his articles to an eminent lawyer and at a young age was appointed clerk to the magistrates at Guildhall.  First appointed as an assistant clerk in 1788 by the then clerk, Mr Evans, corporation appointment followed in 1793By 1800 he had been allocated to the position of clerk under the Aliens Act.  In 1803, following the promotion of Mr. William Lewis Newman to city solicitor, JFH Hobler was promoted chief clerk to the chief magistrate, Mansion House Justice Room.¹

This position was held during numerous changes to the civic chair.  Lord Mayors seated during this period were:

1803 - John PERRING
1804 - Peter PERCHARD
1805 - James SHAW
1806 - Sir William LEIGHTON
1807 - John ANSLEY
1808 - Charles FLOWER
1809 - Thomas SMITH
1810 - Joshua SMITH
1811 - Claudius Stephen HUNTER
1812 - George SCHOLEY
1813 - William DOMVILLE
1814 - Samuel BIRCH
1815 - Matthew WOOD serving 2 years
1817 - Christopher SMITH
1818 - John ATKINS
1819 - George BRIDGES
1820 - John Thomas THORP
1821 - Christopher MAGNAY
1822 - William HEYGATE
1823 - Robert WAITHMAN
1824 - John GARRATT
1825 - William VENABLES
1826 - Anthony BROWN
1827 - Matthias Prime LUCAS
1828 - William THOMPSON
1829 - John CROWDER
1830 - John KEY serving 2 years
1832 - Sir Peter LAURIE
1833 - Charles FAREBROTHER
1834 - Henry WINCHESTER
1835 - William Taylor COPELAND
1836 - Thomas KELLY
1837 - John COWAN
1838 - Samuel WILSON
1839 - Sir Chapman MARSHALL
1840 - Thomas JOHNSON
1841 - John PIRIE
1842 - John HUMPHREY
1843 - William MAGNAY*

As Principal Clerk to the Lord Mayor of London, also known as Chief Clerk, JFH Hobler's duties were to provide informed counsel in the area of law and order. It required a comprehensive understanding of criminal law and advanced knowledge of the statues and civic customs of the city of London.  In 1835 an interesting article titled 'Corporation Reform' appeared in The Monthly Repository.  It provides an indication as to the level of responsibility held by Francis Hobler in his position as Chief Clerk:

"By the Act it is provided that the mayor for the time being, shall, in virtue of being a mayor, become also a magistrate or a judge so long as he may continue mayor. That is to say, he shall pretend to be a judge, by being the mouthpiece of certain dicta spoken in his ear as he sits, by a salaried lawyer, called a town clerk or city solicitor. It is too ludicrous for gravity to reflect on the 'Banquo's issue' of lord mayors, who have defiled through the London Mansion House as gilded speaking trumpets for the use of that legal oracle Mr. Hobler. What a lying farce has it been! Why not at once have made Mr. Hobler the legal as well as the real judge? It would have destroyed one of the beautiful fictions of the law, which so loves the crooked path and eschews the straight one."  (Fox, W. J. ed. 'Corporation Reform' in The Monthly Repository, New Series, Vol. XI.  London: Charles Fox, 1835; p479)

JFH Hobler was a respected legal professional of considerable standing who, as indicated by the passage above, was salaried by the Corporation of London as the 'legal' voice of the Lord Mayor.

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Mansion House

Exterior, 1750
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Mansion House

Exterior, 1777
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Mansion House

Egyptian Hall, 1808
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Mansion House

Exterior, 1830
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Mansion House
Egyptian Hall, 1843
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Mansion House
Royal Banquet, 1844
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The Justice Room was immediately left of the main entrance.  A reference made by George Augustus Sala (1859), when reflecting upon recent renovations to the Justice Room, provides insight into JFH Hobler's workplace environment:

"The old police-court-sacred to the manes of Mr. Hobler - was simply a Cave of Trophonius and Den of Despair. There was no light in it - only darkness visible; and when you peered at the misty prisoner in the dock, you were always reminded of Captain Macheath in his cell, when the inhuman Mr. Lockit wouldn't allow him any more candles, and threatened to clap on extra fetters in default of an immediate supply on the captain's part of 'garnish' or jail fees." (Sala, George Augustus 1859 'Noon - the Justice Room at the Mansion House, and the Bay Tree' in Twice Round the Clock, Houlston & Wright, London)

A sample listing from the Proceedings of the the Old Bailey featuring Francis Hobler, Snr.

FRANCIS GIBBS, Deception > perjury, 30th October 1793
ROBERT HOLMAN, Theft > grand larceny, 30th November 1803
JOHN SPEIL, Theft > burglary, 11th January 1804
JAMES ROWE, Deception > forgery, 18th September 1805
JOSHUA ISAACS, Theft > grand larceny, 17th September 1806
JOSEPH ELLISON, RICHARD STEINBACK, Theft > grand larceny, 16th September 1807
ROBERT EVANS, Theft > grand larceny, 20th September 1809
JAMES CARNEY, JOHN EMANUEL, Theft > pocket picking, 6th June 1810
THOMAS ENGLISH, Breaking Peace > wounding, 18th September 1811
PETER TUFF, theft > grand larceny, 15th January, 1815
JOHNNY SIDER CAUN, ANTONIO FRANCISCO, ANTONIO FERNANDEZ, Miscellaneous > perverting justice, 5th April 1815
HYMAN PHILLIPS, Violent Theft > highway robbery, 29th May 1816
THOMAS BROCK, JOHN PELHAM, MICHAEL POWER, Royal Offences > coining offences, 18th September 1816
JOHN CASHMAN, JOHN HOOPER, RICHARD GAMBLE, WILLIAM GUNNELL, JOHN CAR-PENTER, Theft > theft from a specified place, 15th January 1817
JOHN PANNIFER, Theft > grand larceny, 28th June 1820
JOHN PALIN, Theft > pocketpicking, 27th October 1825
GEORGE HENLEY, JAMES COCHRANE, Theft > pocketpicking, 6th December 1827
JOHN PESMAN, ANTHONY COLVIN, JOHN FORBES, HENRY SERJEANT, CHARLES QUIXLEY, Miscellaneous > conspiracy, 10th September 1829
JOHN BLACKFORD, Breaking Peace > threatening behaviour, 8th July 1830
JAMES GODFREY, Theft > pocketpicking, 5th January 1832
STEPHEN LEWER, JOHN LEWER, Theft > stealing from master, Theft > receiving, 17th May 1832
ROBERT BLOICE, Deception > forgery, 5th July 1832
JAMES GREEN, Theft > simple larceny, 18th October 1832
JOHN WILLIAM HARRIE, Breaking Peace > threatening behaviour, 28th November 1833
JOHN BUTCHER, Theft > simple larceny, 2nd March 1835
HENRY SMITH, Theft > burglary, 26th October 1835
WILLIAM JORDAN, THOMAS SULLIVAN, HENRY MOTT, THOMAS SEALE, Theft > housebreaking, Theft > housebreaking, 29th February 1836
THOMAS STOKES, JAMES HALLEN, Theft > stealing from master, Theft > receiving, 18th September 1837
PATRICK MAXWELL STEWART WALLACE, MICHAEL SHAW STEWART WALLACE, Damage to Property > other, 1st March 1841
JOHN DOUGLAS, Breaking Peace > wounding, 1st March 1841
SOLOMAN LEVINE, EDWARD BEAMOND, Theft > receiving, 29th November 1841

According to an article in the Biographical Treasury of Eminent Persons (1851), JFH Hobler's abilities as a chief clerk were beyond reproach:

"his strict attention, his sound knowledge of the law, and a certain off facetiousness of repartee and remark in the more frivolous cases, made him the 'observered of all observers' He was terror to evil-doers, for it was impossible for them to elude his circumstantial recollections of them." (page 415)

Magistrates attended at Mansion House daily from 12 pm, excluding Sunday.  JFH Hobler retired due to ill heath in November 1843, aged 77.  He died the following year.


Family Life ::  James Francis Helvetius Hobler's significant other was Mary Furby born circa 1764; died 1846.  According to his Last Will & Testament, Mary Furby was not his legal wife quote "due to circumstance". They did, however, cohabitate as a common law couple and by all intents and purposes were in a committed de-facto relationship.  Mary was the mother of his four children.

It is interesting to note that in the Illustrated London News (1843), James Francis Helvetius Hobler was suppose to have been married at an early age. As he was not married to Mary, and given that he was already in his late twenties when his first child was born, it is quite feasible that he may have been married as a young man but for one reason or another failed to divorce.  

During the Victorian era, divorce involved two years of character trial before a decree would be issued. Even then, one usually had to prove adultery by the other party in order for the judge to grant a dissolution of marriage. While such an accusation in today's socially liberal society would barely raise an eyebrow, moral values in Victorian England dictated that adultery (proven or otherwise) equated with a decline in social standing. Divorce was a public matter. Personal issues were voiced in an open court in front of pauper and aristocrat alike. When considering a divorce, one's station in life was always taken into consideration as a scandal could make or break a respectable family.

If JFH Hobler had been married at any early age, a lack of a divorce would have been deemed significant circumstance not to wed the mother of his four children. If JFH Hobler was not married, then perhaps it was Mary who had previous bonds.  If neither had been previously married, then religious incompatibility may have come into play.  

Family folklore suggests that Mary was descendant from a Spanish Countess. As Spain was predominately Catholic and JFH Hobler was a prominent Protestant, religious boundaries may have forbade them from marriage.  Protestant and Catholic dissension was strong during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. In 1606 for example, attempts were made to have Catholics banned from being baptised as Catholics, and from 1754 to 1837 English law forbade Catholics from marrying in Catholic churches.  Theories abound; unfortunately evidence does not.  For the moment one can only speculate what "due to circumstance" may have meant.

From 1811 to 1832, James (Francis) and Mary lived at Queens Row, Pentonville, Middlesex (see map above right).  They resided at number seventeen but later relocated to number five where they lived until their deaths in 1844 (Francis) and 1846 (Mary).  The couple had four children.  

Francis Jnr, born circa 1793, was a respected crown attorney in London.  He married Jane Boreham (daughter of Joseph and Eleanor Boreham of Sussex) in 1832; together they had three children Francis, John and Eleanor.

Charlotte Elizabeth (Ann) Hobler, born circa 1795, married Dr. William Spry on 6 September 1826. They migrated to Canada and had two children, Charlotte and William.


J. F. H. Hobler

Portrait, circa 1790
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J. F. H. Hobler
Etching, circa 1830
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Queens Row

Pentonville, 1827
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George, born in 1800, was a gentleman farmer and Australian pioneer.  He married Ann Turner (descendant of the Turner and Fursdon families of Cadbury, Devon).  Together, they had eleven children Mary, Francis Helvetius, George, John Turner, Emily Denton, Elizabeth Ann, Edward Turner, Charles James, Albert, Ada Louise and Louis WilliamDuring the course of his life George experienced both the best and worst in circumstances. An opportunist, he travelled from one situation to another in the firm belief that the grass was always greener.

Mary Ann, born circa 1810, was the youngest child.  Born ten years junior to her elder siblings, she was her father's favourite.  Single at the time of his death, Mary was well provided for according to her father's Last Will & Testament.  Mary married Thoms Knight (of the Knights of Lea Castle in Worcestershire).  Mary and Thomas had two daughters, Mary & Isabella.


Residence :: In 1815, Peter Tuff was convicted of stealing sheets belonging to Francis Hobler.  During his trial at the Old Bailey, a description of Hobler's garden was tended as evidence.  

393. PETER TUFF was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 1st of February, four sheets, value 1 l. and two table cloths, value 10 s. the property of James Francis Hobler .

JAMES FRANCIS HOBLER: "On the 1st of February about a quarter past six, I went home."

COURT: "Where is your home"

MR. HOBLER: "Queen's Row, Pentonville; in a very short time there was an alarm that the clothes had been taken from the garden, that were hanging out to dry. On looking next morning I found the parties had got over the fence at the bottom of the field, there was one or two foot marks, one larger than the other, the clothes were afterwards found by the officer."

WILLIAM READ, JUNIOR: "I went in company with my father and Limbrick with a search warrant to the prisoners house in Field Lane. On the 2nd of February, a warrant was taken out to search for other things; in searching, we found these sheets wet, we found two of them; the prisoner was in the same room where I found these two sheets up stairs. Limbrick can produce the other sheets. I produce one sheet marked and the other not marked. I told the prisoner I apprehended him on suspicion of stealing these sheets; he said he bought them; I saw two footsteps at Mr. Hobler's Garden, they appeared to have got in the back way."

COURT: "How high were the rails?"

MR. HOBLER: "Nine feet high; with a ladder it is very easy to get over on the garden side, there are some shelves for green house plants; when they get to the inside, there is a ladder on purpose for them."

WILLIAM READ SENIOR: "I was along with my son, I asked the prisoner how the sheets came to be wet; he said he had just moved them from the other house."

JOHN LIMBRICK: "I found two table cloths and one sheet, with the mark cut out of the middle, I found them in the kitchen; I went up into the two pair of stairs, there I found another sheet wet on the line, with the window open to dry it."

ELIZABETH REYNOLDS: "I am servant to Mr. Hobler, they are Mr. Hobler's sheets and table linen."

Prisoner's Defence: "I have been very bad with a bad leg; I had not been outside of the door for a fortnight."

GUILTY, aged 53
Confined two years and fined 1s

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Recorder

The information provides an interesting insight into how the home my have appeared from the back.  Behind the house was a field which was divided from the back garden by a nine foot fence.  Hobler mentions "shelves for green house plants" suggesting the home may have had a green house or garden conservatory.


Disposition :: According to an article in the Illustrated London News (Popular Portraits) 1843, JFH Hobler was unique and distinguished in appearance:

"In personal appearance, Mr. Hobler is a fine, tall, upright, powdered-headed gentleman of the old school, always neatly, though somewhat eccentrically dressed, in a closely buttoned-up black coat, drab breeches and gaiters, which seem to be essential to, and form a part of his very existence."

He was obviously fairly fit in that he walked to and from work everyday up until his retirement. In a career spanning more than 50 years he missed less than three weeks work in total.  Punctual, compassionate and intelligent, he was a man who endeared himself to both the rich and poor alike. It would appear that he also possessed a sense of humour and a concise memory, as evidence by the newspaper item below:

"One illustration of Mr. Hobler's vividness of recollection is very amusing. A daring young thief having been brought up at the Mansion-house on a charge of burglary, the old gentleman eyed him through his glass, and said, "we have seen each other before now." "No, we haven't, old boy," was the impudent reply, upon which, quietly turning on his seat, Mr. Hobler said, "I think I've an invite of yours," and opening a drawer took out and read, to the great merriment of his listeners, a card printed in the hand writing of the prisoner in red ink, soliciting the four of his friends' attendance at a public-house in the Borough, to get "gloriously drunk," and which had been taken from his person on a commitment to Bridewell, many years before, as a rogue and vagabond." (The Illustrated London News, 'Popular Portraits No. XLV', 11 November 1843)

It is also interesting to note in the piece above that JFH Hobler was most probably short sighted - "the old gentleman eyed him through his (eye) glass".  

Another excellent example of his wit was noted in Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 1, 20 November 1841

"Good heavens Sir Peter," said Hobler, confidentially, to our dearly beloved Alderman, "How could you have passed such a ridiculous sentence upon Jones, as to direct his hair to be cut off?" 

"All right, my dear Hobby," replied the sapient justice; "the fellow was found fighting in the streets, and I wanted to hinder him, at least for some time, from again.

Later that same week ....

"Well," said Hobler the other morning, "I should think you will be denied the entrée to the Palace after your decision of Saturday."  

"Why so?" inquired the knight of leather. 

"For fear you should cut off the heir to the Throne!" screamed Hobler, and vanished. 

Then there is this extract which was published in Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 1, 27 November 1841:

It is said that the Duke of Wellington declined the invitation to the Lord Mayor's civic dinner in the following laconic speech:

"Pray remember the 9th November, 1830."

"Ah!" said Sir Peter Laurie, on hearing the Duke's reply, "I remember it. They said that the people intended on that day to set fire to Guildhall, and meant to roast the Mayor and Board of Aldermen."

"On the old system, I suppose, of every man cooking his own goose," observed Hobler dryly.

Hobler appears a few times in the Complete Works of Punch (Volume One).


Death :: James Francis Helvetius Hobler died aged 78 on the 21st of January, 1844 in Pentonville, London ENG.  At the time of JFH Hobler's death he was living at 17 Queens Row, Pentonville, Middlesex (London) ENG.  He is buried at Highgate Cemetery on 23 January, 1844.

Highgate cemetery was consecrated by the Bishop of London on 20th May 1839 with the first burial occurring on the 26th. It is the resting place of such famous names as Marx, Rossetti and of course Hobler!  According to an 1896 review, the grounds were designed to appear larger than they actually were, a prominent feature being the circular road and cedar of Lebanon. Highgate Cemetery is currently a Grade II listed Park, situated in Swains Lane, London N6.


Publications :: featuring James Francis Helvetius Hobler or an aspect of his life and/or surroundings; listed in chronological order.

Bailey's London Directory, 5th Edition, 1790
Holden's London Directory, 1790
A Letter to His Royal Highness the Duke of York on Recent Events by Thomas Hague, 1809
Fairburn's Edition of the Whole Trial of James Watson Senior for High Treason, 1817
The European Magazine & London Review, 1817
The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature, 1820
'Seaman Demanding his Mother's Head, December 3rd, 1817' in The Edinburgh Annual Register by Sir Walter Scott, 1821
The New Annual Register, 1824
Celebrated Trials & Remarkable Cases of Criminal Jurisprudence, 1825
The London Magazine, 1828
'Tyranny of the Corset' in the The Times, 8 July 1828
The Official Kalender, 1831
A Plan for the Better Security of Vessels Navigating the River Thames, 1834
First Report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords appointed to enquire into the expediency of Substituting Declarations in lieu of Oaths (appears as a witness), 1834
Report From His Majesty's Commissioners for Enquiry into the Administration and Practical Operation of the Poor Laws, 1834
The Last Cab-Driver, And The First Omnibus Cab. London: Sketches by Boz (Charles Dickens), 1835
The Beadle. The Parish Engine. The Schoolmaster. London: Sketches by Boz (Charles Dickens), 1836
Reports & Committees, Sixteen Volumes, Vol. XX, Session 31 January to 17 July, 1837
Post Office London Directory, 1841
Punch, or the London Charivari Volume 1, Complete, 1841
The Bishop's Daughter, 1842
A Treatise on Crimes and Misdemeanours, 1843
'Francis Hobler' Popular Portraits in The Illustrated London News, 11 November 1843
Report from His Majesty's Commissioners for Inquiring Into The Administration & Practical Operation of the Poor Laws by Great Britain Poor Law Commissioners, 1843
The Quarterly Review Vol. LXXI, 1843
'The Gaol Chaplin' in Bentley's Miscellany, 1844
The Gentleman's Magazine by Slyvanus Urban Gent., Volume XXI, January-June.  London: William Pickering; John Bower Nichols & Son, 1844
The Annual Mirror, 1845
The Annual Register, 1845
Notes & Queries: Medium of Inter-Communication for Literary Men, Artists, Antiquaries, Genealogists ..., 1849
The Novels and Tales of Charles Dickens, 1849
The Biographical Treasury, Lives of Imminent Persons, London, 1851
The Railway Anecdotes, 1852
The Book of Modern Anecdotes: Humour, Wit & Wisdom ... by Paul Howard, 1873
The Book of Modern Legal Anecdotes by John Timbs, 1873
The Writings of Charles Dickens, 1894

Sources

1.  Corporation of London Records Office (CLRO) Reference: Repertory 198 pp. 22-8; 205 pp. 37-8; 207 p.604; 247 pp. 355

Acknowledgements

Original family photos of James Francis Helvetius Hobler are courtesy of descendant Liisa Hobler (AUS), 2002. (Digitally rendered by Erica Rowyn, 2002-2008)
Original photo of the Hobler Coat of Arms is courtesy of Terry J Heard, Archivist, City of London School, 2007. (Digitally rendered by Erica Rowyn, 2008)

 © ERowyn ^ top